Mere Karm Mere Phal
मेरा कर्म – मेरा फल
मैं कर्त्ता – ईश्वर प्रदाता
कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥
अध्याय 02/श्लोक 47
धीरे-धीरे रे मना धीरे सब कुछ होय।
माली सींचे सौ घड़ा, ॠतु आए फल होय॥
श्रद्धावान हृदय कर्म करता है,
फल परमात्मा के हाथ में है-
प्रभु की कृपा भयऊ सबु काजू
जन्म हमार सुफल भा आजू
My Actions – my Results
I Do – God Bestows
Disciple: Gurudev, I have a curious question. Science postulates the concept of equal and opposite reaction to every action. However, the real life is very different. Often I accomplish work completely, but I beget either partial or no results. Why is it so? I have surrendered myself completely to my Gurudev, yet I face this problem. Gurudev! These questions haunt my mind repeatedly. Please guide me.
Gurudev: My dear, karma (Actions) and fruits (Results) are not united to each other. There are many misconceptions about karma in your mind. You think that if you have done karma, then you should receive its results-fruits according to your criteria. The important essence is that you believe that your criteria should be used, which maps the depth of your karma and height of corresponding results as per your own belief.
Lord Shree Krishna advises Arjuna in the battlefield of Kurukshetra on Karma and its related results :
Karmanyevaadhikaaraste Maa Faleshu Kadaachana |
Maa Karmafalaheturbhurmaa Te Sangostvakarmani ||
Chapter 02 / Verse 47
Lord Shree Krishna was imparting this knowledge to His friend Arjuna who is highly distracted in the battlefield. Arjuna was so confused that he felt that he was killing his Gurus, Greats, elders and relations for worldly pleasures. He could not visualize that the goal of battle was to establish moral and ethical religion. His so-called relations were conniving with the wrong-doers. Arjuna had many questions in his mind about his actions and results of war. Lord Shree Krishna gave him a clear reply through the “Karmanyevaadhikaaraste Maa Faleshu Kadaachana” Verse.
This verse elucidates four points about impassive actions –
- You control what actions to take
- Someone else controls the results of these actions
- Do not desire specific results while performing actions
- The “Detachment from results of actions” does not mean that you stop performing any action
Anxiety lines develop on the brow of the disciple after listening to this reply from Gurudev. Sensing his worries, Guru hopes that the disciple does not misinterpret the answer by thinking that Lord Shree Krishna wants to turn humans into robots.
The disciple agrees with Gurudev. He promptly replies – This is possible only with a machine. We can program the machine and it will perform all required tasks without any question or complaint. However humans have emotions and sensations. How is it possible to perform good work without considering any recognition by his family, society or relations. A few words of praises motivate him and he feels good fruits of his hard work.
Gurudev, if we follow this principle of Krishna, then the diligent student should not wish for good marks. A hardworking farmer should not desire good harvest, the employee should not think about the promotion and the players should not think about winning the competition.
Gurudev replies, let me tell you the frank answer. But first, try to understand what is under your control – Actions or its results?
Obviously, if you can control any factor, then that is the action itself. A student can control whether he wants to study for four or six hours. An employee can control how to perform his tasks. A player can make decisions about how and when to train.
However, the results, always occur tomorrow. The fruits do not appear today, so how will you control them. You only have today, but the actions of today, create a context for tomorrow. Hence if you waver in your actions, then the results will certainly get jeopardized.
What was the need for Lord Shree Krishna to patiently explain to a confused Arjuna? Could Lord Shree Krishna not destroy the evil Himself?
Certainly, He could. However the creation follows the divine principle of actions. If Lord Shree Krishna had destroyed the wicked by pestilence or natural calamity, then how would have the society realized that insulting a woman destroys the empire?
How could the concept of “Yatra Naaryastu Poojyante Ramante Tatra DevataaH” be postulated? How could the society be made conscious of righteous religion and karma-actions?
Live through life, continue to work
When you perform actions with a feeling to get appropriate results, then you are working through the opposite direction. The horse is yoked ahead of the cart. If you reverse the order, then the cart will certainly travel, but in the opposite direction. The horse will pull the cart in the opposite direction.
The more you focus on the fruits or results of your actions, the more your stress will enhance. What is stress? The stress originates from those things, individuals, or situations which you cannot control.
How can you control the reactions of others, on the actions performed by you? The desire for results have a sense of right and authority. Authority is always accompanied by ego.
The authority is a sense of deep misunderstanding, because it is always external, outside your span of control. You can control only yourself and your actions. The rights are considered to be mandatory. However the right of one is the duty of another.
Try to comprehend it. The results belong to tomorrow. The more you indulge in desire of results, the more you will defocus away from the action, because you have started to relate hope with the results. Let me illustrate with an example. All of you must have experienced it somewhere.
There was a student. He was studying in class 6 and desired a bicycle. His parents had promised to reward him with a bicycle upon scoring good marks in the examination. The child studied diligently. He performed well in all subjects. Hindi was his last exam, and it used to be his favorite subject. He could not focus on study during the last revisions. He could only dream of riding the bicycle expertly. The same bicycle was clouding his vision when he entered the examination hall next morning. He got happy upon seeing the question paper. It was very easy. Now the reward of bicycle was definitely won. But what happened? He could not focus on writing the answers. He was lost in day-dreaming about the cycle. He could not complete even half paper even after two hours. When teacher took his answer-sheet, he could manage to complete only half of the paper.
The Result of the Actions belong to Tomorrow
Our brilliant student lost his way due to excessive focus on the results. The more you stay away from thoughts of the results, the deeper you will be able to engross in the action. Your consciousness, mind and entire energy will concentrate towards doing the action. This itself is called Action (Karma) through full dedication.
This enable you to rise above the mere thoughts of victory and defeat. The less focused your attention will be on the result, the more likely it will be. This is the secret of nature. The actual result is not in your hand, the vagaries of time controls it.
Let me make it easier for you to comprehend-
Do it slowly, with full focus of your mind,
The gardener plants a hundred, the fruits blossom in the season.
The nature has already scheduled a time for blooming of the fruit, and patience is a critical quality of a skilled gardener. He doesn’t care if the Rose does not flower in the hot summer, or the Jasmine does not bloom in the winter. He just concentrates on caring for his plants, and feeding them water and fertilizers, while waiting for the opportune moment. The plants will flower on their own, in due course of time. However, they won’t bloom at all if he does not do his work.
The faithful heart focuses on the actions,
The Providence bestows their fruits.
A little distant from the result (fruits), if your own patience. Trust is the synonym of patience, and the elevation of patience, turns it into the faith. The detachment from the fruits of your actions, is the real spirit of faith in the Guru and God.
Who thinks about the results, when you detach yourself from the results, and focus whole-heartedly onto the actions? Do you know, who undertakes the responsibilities to bestow the fruits of action in such situation?
Faith is the very act of detachment from the results of your actions. This faith reflects in the reverence of Guru and God. Guru and God have to bear responsibility to bestow appropriate results of your actions.
Secondly, only one who has full trust in his or her actions, can detach his mind from the thoughts of the results. There are no ifs or buts in this. Such an action gets completed automatically. Such actions will, obviously, lead to joy.
Difference between Beneficial and Successful
Both Beneficial (Sufal) and Successful (Safal) look alike in Hindi language, but they have very different meanings. Beneficial is a virtue. It imbibes divine blessings. It has divine grace of Guru. There is no space for ego in Beneficial (Sufal). It is neither restless for the results, nor does it desire any credit. “I did it” is completely absent. Lord Hanuman gave the entire credit to Lord Rama, when He found Mother Sita in Lanka.
Prabhu Ki Kripa Bhayayu Sabu Kaju
Janam Hamaar Sufal Bhaa Aaju
On the contrary, Success hides a lot of manipulation and politics. Even a conspiracy achieves success, albeit for a short time period. Safal (Success) contains both anxiety and misery. Safal is more concerned with “taking of credit”, or to advertise one’s name. Therefore Safal (Success) is always full of stress, as it wants to put in only as much effort as is required to gain success. Safal (Success) is always involved in politics. However Gurudev wants your effort to become Sufal (Beneficial). Guru wants you to perform your actions, with full focus, completely detached from their results.
Do you know, only a small child performs such detached actions. A small child falls many times, while learning to walk, but never gets disheartened. He also never sets a goal, for example to walk a mile per day. He just knows that he needs to get up and start walking again, whenever his feet falter or he falls down, without waiting for any result. One day, the same child acquires the ability to run a number of miles.
Thinking about the results-fruits is like going crazy for the future state. You may walk as much you can, but you will never reach anywhere, simply because you are not standing on the base which contains goals. You should certainly setup targets and goals. Exert your entire self to achieve them, but do not expect a lot. The nature controls the fruits of our action. The nature always grants us what is good for us. The more you enhance your hopes, the more you increase the chances of failure. Therefore, stay balanced. Be alert and active. Continue to work, and try again, even if you do not achieve the results. The Guru and God have made big plans for you, and you will have to grow big to realize them.